The Graduate School of
Asian and African
Area Studies (ASAFAS)
Tembea (Staff Only)
Shuichi Oyama Associate Professor
I emphasize the importance of multi-disciplinary approaches of geography, anthropology, ecology and agronomy and understanding all aspects of people’s lives related to the natural environment, life changes influenced by economic policies, social relationships in local communities, ethnicity, and so on. My major research regions are Southern and West Africa. In Southern Africa, I have academic interests in local knowledge of slash-and-burn cultivators, agricultural ecology, and agrarian community changes under the policy changes relating to the market economy and land tenure system. Since 2010, I have focused on foreign investment and land grabbing in Africa. In the Sahel region of West Africa, I have continued research on the land degradation mechanisms, the ecological knowledge of farmers and pastoral nomads regarding land degradation processes, and their strategies for coping with severe drought. Their ecological knowledge and daily practices regarding anti-desertification are important for establishing land rehabilitation and land care systems in the Sahel region. With the rapid population increase, the farmers and pastoral nomads are in armed conflict. I aim to try to restore land productivity using land rehabilitation methods; I also work towards resolving the social conflicts. I emphasize a multi-disciplinary approach to regional nature, ecology, and culture over time, and I aim to make contributions to solving the social problems of Africa.
Geography, livelihood research, land degradation, land rehabilitation, land tenure, peace building
Born in Nara, Japan in August, 1971
1993 Skipping a grade from Faculty of Environmental Information, Keio University
1995 Completed Master Course(Master of Human and Environment, Kyoto University)
1999 Completed Doctor Course (Doctor of Human and Environment, Kyoto University)
1999-2008 Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, Tokyo Metropolitan University
2008-2010 Associate Professor, Department of Geography, Tokyo Metropolitan University
2008–present Associate Professor, the Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University
(Concurrent post: Division of African Area Studies, Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Kyoto university)
International Geographical Union
International Society of Ethnobiology
International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences
Japanese Association for African Studies
Japanese Society of Tropical Ecology
Tropical Agriculture Research Association of Japan
Japanese Society of Human Geography
Association of Japanese Geographers
- Oyama, S. 2016. Guardian or misfeasor? Chief’s roles in land administration under the new 1995 Land Act in Zambia. In Moyo S. and Mine Y. eds. What Colonialism Ignored: ‘African Potentials’ for Resolving Conflicts in Southern Africa. Langaa Publishers. 103-128.
- Oyama, S. 2015. Land degradation and ecological knowledge-based land rehabilitation: Hausa farmers and Fulbe herders in the Sahel region, West Africa. In Reuter, T. ed. Averting a Global Environmental Collapse: The Role of Anthropology and Local Knowledge . Cambridge Scholars Publishing. 165-185.
- Oyama, S. 2014. Grass-root research for Peacekeeping in Africa: Land rehabilitation and conflict prevention in Sahel, Africa. Kyoto University Research Activities 4 (2): 31.
- Ohta, I., Oyama. S., Sagawa, T. and Ichino, S. (eds.) 2014. Conflict Resolution and Coexistence: Realizing African Potentials. African Study Monographs supplementary 50 205pp.
- Oyama, S. 2014. Farmer-herder conflicts, land rehabilitation, and conflict prevention in Sahel region of West Africa. African Study Monographs supplementary 50: 103-122.
- Oyama, S. 2013. Farmer-herder conflicts and conflict prevention in Sahel region of West Africa. Session 2 Beyond conflicts in Africa: How to understand nexus between social relations, resource scarcity and economic development (chairperson Takahashi, M.). Ohta, I., Oyama, S., Sagawa, T. and Ito, Y. (eds.) Proceedings of African Potentials 2013: International Symposium on Conflict Resolution and Coexistence. 85-99.
- Oyama, S. and Kirikoshi, H. 2012. Geographical Studies in Africa: Building a New Academic Partnership between African and Japanese geographers. Journal of Geography (Chigaku Zasshi) 121(5): 913-927.*
- Oyama, S. 2012. Zambie/ Zambia/ Zambia. Motte-Florac, E., Aumeeruddy-Thomas, Y. and Dounias, E. eds., People and natures/ Hommes et natures/ Seres humanos y naturalezas 50. IRD (Institut de recherche pour le developpement).
- Oyama, S. 2011. Are self-sufficient agrarian villages in Africa really poor? E-Journal GEO 5 (2): 87-124. * doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4157/ejgeo.5.87
- Oyama, S. 2011. Ecological Knowledge and daily practices of Hausa cultivators for land rehabilitation in Sahelian Niger. West Africa. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference of the East and Southeastern Asia Federation of Soil Sciences. 189-190.
- Oyama, S. 2010. Ecological knowledge and daily practices of Hausa cultivators for combating desertification in Sahel, West Africa. 12th Congress of International Society of Ethnobiology. Tofino, Canada. May 9-14.
- Oyama, S. and Mammam, I. 2010. Ecological knowledge of Hausa cultivators and in situ experiment of the land rehabilitation in Sahel, West Africa. Geographical Reports of Tokyo Metropolitan University 45: 31-44.
- Oyama, S. 2009. Ecological knowledge of Hausa cultivators for the land degradation process in Sahel, West Africa. Geographical Repots of Tokyo Metropolitan University 44: 103-112.
- Oyama, S. 2009. Soil nutrition and nitrogen absorption of plants in Andean mountains: relating with domestication of wild potato species. Himalayan Study Monographs 10: 86-102.
- Oyama, S., 2007. Ecological knowledge of site selection and cultivating methods of Kaonde shifting cultivators in northwestern Zambia. Geographical Repots of Tokyo Metropolitan University 42: 15-20.
- Oyama, S. and Kondo, F., 2007. Sorghum cultivation and soil fertility preservation under bujimi slash-and-burn cultivation in northwestern Zambia. African Study Monographs Supplementary Issue 34: 115-135.
- Oyama, S. 2007. Combating desertification of rural areas and improving the sanitary conditions of urban areas by applying indigenous ecological knowledge of Hausa cultivators in southern Niger: Contributing to human security based on the field research. Journal of African Studies 71: 85-99. *
- Oyama, S., 2006. Ecology and wildlife conservation of vicuña in Peruvian Andes. Geographical Repots of Tokyo Metropolitan University 41: 27-44.
- Kakeya, M., Sugiyama, Y. and Oyama, S. 2006. The Citemene system, social leveling mechanism, and agrarian changes in the Bemba villages of northern Zambia- an overview of 23 years of "fix point" research. African Study Monographs 27 (1): 27-38.
- Oyama, S., 2005. Ecological knowledge of site selection and tree-cutting methods of Bemba shifting cultivators in northern Zambia. Tropics 14 (4): 309-321.
- Oyama, S. 2005. Ecological knowledge of land degradation and soil improvement of Hausa cultivators in Sahel, West Africa. Annual Report of Interdisciplinary Research Institute of Environmental Sciences 24: 51-64.
- Oyama, S. 2003. GIS analysis on cattle grazing of Fulani pastoral people and land use of Hausa cultivators in central Niger. Forum on GIS Analysis: Application in Social and Environmental Research. Tsukuba Univ. Tsukuba. May. 15 2003.
- Oyama, S., 2002. People, millet cultivation and cattle grazing of dryland in Sahel- Socio-ecological research of Hausa cultivators in southern Niger. Geographical Reports of Tokyo Metropolitan University 37: 83-92.
- Oyama, S., 2001. Settlement and agricultural practices of Bemba shifting cultivators in northern Zambia from multi- temporal LANDSAT TM images. Journal of Forest Planning 6 (2): 65-74.
- Oyama, S. and Takamura. Y. T., 2001. Agrarian changes and coping strategies for subsistence of Bemba shifting cultivators in northern Zambia in the mid-1990's. Journal of Tropical Agriculture 45 (2): 84-97.
- Kakeya, M. Sugiyama, Y. and Oyama, S., 2001. The Citemene system, social Leveling mechanisms, and Agricultural Changes in a Rural Area of Northern Zambia: an Overview of 15 years of Research in the Bemba Villages. Africa Session; Africa in transformation: Environment, Agriculture and Everyday Life. COE symposium in International Conference of Area Studies: Past Experiences and Future Visions, Kyoto Jan. 20th. 2001.
- Sprague. S. D. and Oyama. S., 1999. Density and distribution of citemene fields in a miombo woodland environment in Zambia. Environmental Management 24 (2): 273-280.
- Oyama. S. and Takamura. Y. T., 1999. Adaptation of Agricultural systems to Ecological environment: the Case study of Bemba Shifting Cultivators in Northern Zambia. Proceedings of International Symposium: World Food Security and Crop Production Technologies for Tomorrow 328-329.
- Takamura. Y. T. and Oyama. S., 1999. How to integrate Conventional and New Cropping system in African Agriculture: Case Studies in Tanzania and Zambia. Proceedings of International Symposium: World Food Security and Crop Production Technologies for Tomorrow 105-108.
- Oyama, S. 1998. Environmental utilization and its change of Bemba people in miombo woodland, northern Zambia. Tropics 7 (3/ 4): 287-303. *
- Oyama. S., 1996. Regeneration process of the miombo woodland at abandoned citemene shifting cultivation field in northern Zambia. African Study Monographs 17 (3): 101-116.
*: Japanese with English abstract
- Oyama, S. 2016. Countering popular beliefs by applying urban waste and livestock-induced land rehabilitation in Sahel region of West Africa. 15th Congress of International Society of Ethnobiology (ISE2016). Makerere University. Kampala Uganda. August 5 2016.
- Oyama, S. 2016. Mitigation of Land Scarcity and Resource Conflict between Farmers and Herders in the Sahel region of West Africa. “Land, the State and Decolonising the Agrarian Structure in Africa: A colloquium in Honour of Professor Sam Moyo” University of Cape Town, South Africa. 28 November 2016.
- Oyama, S. 2015. Urban Waste-induced Land Rehabilitation for Food Security and Conflict Prevention in Niger. Séminaire du PNUD (Programme des Nations Unies pour le développement : UNDP), UNDP Niamey office, Niamey. 4 December 2015.
- Oyama, S. 2015. A networking scheme for community-based land rehabilitation and conflict prevention in Niamey and Dogondoutchi. Séminaire du JICA, Académie des Arts Martiaux, Niamey. 24 November 2015.
- Oyama, S. 2015. Reverse Thinking and Action Research. SGAS (Swiss Society for African Studies)-SAGUF (Swiss Academic Society for Environmental Research and Ecology) Conference for Participatory and Integrative Approaches in Researching African Environments: Opportunities, Challenges, Actualities in Natural and Social Sciences. Institute of Social Anthropology, University of Berne, Berne. 23 October 2015.
- Oyama, S. 2015. Countering popular beliefs: Urban waste and livestock-induced land rehabilitation in Sahel region of West Africa. The 25th Annual Meeting of the Japan Society of Tropical Ecology (JASTE25) in Kyoto. Inamori Memorial Hall, Kyoto University, Kyoto. 20 June 2015.
- Oyama, S. 2014. Importance of gathering and mediators concerned with local conflicts of Nigerien Sahel, West Africa: From viewpoints of neutralization, gratitude and giving-receiving customs. 4th International Forum on Conflict Resolution and Coexistence through Reassessment and Utilization of “African Potentials”, Tou'Ngou Hotel, Yaoundé, Cameroon. December 5.
- Oyama, S. 2014. Ecological Knowledge and daily practices of Hausa cultivators to land degradation in Sahelian Niger. International Geographical Union (IGU2014) Regional Conference. Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland. 19 August 2014.
- Oyama, S. 2014. Land degradation and ecological knowledge based land rehabilitation of Hausa Farmers in Sahel region, West Africa. Anthropological perspectives on environmental change and sustainable futures (Commission on Anthropology and the Environment). International Union of Anthropology and Ethnological Sciences (IUAES2014). Makuhari Chiba, Japan. May 17 2014.
- Oyama, S., Yamamoto, N. and Kondo, F. 2014. Where in the Andes Mountains did the potato originate? 14th Congress of International Society of Ethnobiology (ISE2014). June . Bumthang. Bhutan. June 3 2014.
- Oyama, S. 2013. Conflict over Land Resource and Local Resolution between Cultivators and Pastoral People in Sahel Region of West Africa. International Geographical Union 2013 (IGU2013). Regional Conference. Joint Session “Conflict in Africa and “African potential” for achieving coexistence based on indigenous knowledge and institutions” Kyoto International Conference Center, Kyoto. August 5.
- Oyama, S. 2013. Farmer-herder conflicts and conflict prevention in Sahel region of West Africa. Session 2 Beyond conflicts in Africa: How to understand nexus between social relations, resource scarcity and economic development (chairperson Takahashi, M.). African Potentials 2013: International Symposium on Conflict Resolution and Coexistence. October 5-6 2013. Inamori Memorial Building, Kyoto University. Kyoto.
- Oyama, S. 2012. The people’s anger killed a chief and his spirit protects the territory: Inequality and local resolution of land allocation under new 1995 Land Act in Zambia. 2nd International Forum on Conflict Resolution and Coexistence through Reassessment and Utilization of “African Potentials” Bronte, The Garden Hotel, Harare, Zimbabwe. December 9.
- Oyama, S. 2011. Ecological knowledge and daily practices of Hausa cultivators for land rehabilitation in Sahelian Niger, West Africa. The 10th International Conference of the East and Southeast Asia Federation of Soil Science Society. Cinnamon Lakeside, Colombo, Sri Lanka. 10-13 Oct. 2011.
Agriculture Ecology and Environment in Africa
The Subsistence Economy of Cultivators in Miombo Woodland of Africa
Desertification and Land Rehabilitation in Sahel region of West Africa
Conflict Prevention between cultivators and nomads in Sahel region
Domestication of Camelidae and potato in Central Andes
FY2002-2004 Member of Advisory Committee, JICA Malawi project for small scale irrigation scheme
FY2006- The representative of local NGO in Niger: OLDCS- shara (Organisation pour la Lutte contre la Désertification et l’Amélioration des Conditions Sanitaires [Organization for anti-desertification and urban sanitary improvement])
2011 Convention with Dogondoutchi City, Niger for Collecting Waste, Land Rehabilitation, Food Security and Conflict Prevention
FY2012- Director of Niger Field Station, Kyoto University (Now it is closed by the security reasons)
FY2012- Adiviser for Japanese NGO “Comment Niger”
2016 Convention with Commune IV of Niamey City, Niger for Collecting Waste, Land Rehabilitation, Food Security and Conflict Prevention
2000 Kira Prize, Japan Society of Tropical EcologyAwards
2008 Japanese School Library Association Award to Teikoku Shoin World countries Series: Africa
2012 The Association of Japanese Geographers (AJG) Awards (Information Transmission)
2014 Daido Life Foundation, Incentive Award for Area Studies
2016 Human Geographical Society of Japan, Award 2016 (Academic Book)
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