The Graduate School of
Asian and African
Area Studies (ASAFAS) Kyoto University Tembea (Staff Only)
The 86th KUASS / The 8th KU - TUFS Research Exchange Seminar
“Conjunctural State Autonomy and Policy Change in South Africa, 1994‐2014”
This presentation narrates the exercise of state autonomy to achieve macro-economic stability and effect incremental policy change in South Africa between 1994 and 2014. Employing a composite case study of the macro-economic policy framework; the Growth Employment and Redistribution (GEAR) (1996) strategy, and two micro policies, Free Basic Electricity (FBE) (2003) and No Fee Schools (NFS) (2006), it demonstrates how the post-apartheid state introduced reforms at macro and micro policy levels. Most importantly, the ability to exercise this relative state autonomy is a direct result of a configuration herein termed conjunctural state autonomy.
Conjunctural state autonomy is comprised of at least three elements, namely, the historical context, the prevailing neoliberal paradigm, as well as a professional bureaucracy. The idea of conjunctural state autonomy is significant for understanding and predicting South African public policy and politics going forward. Conjunctural state autonomy reveals how the exercise of relative state autonomy is structurally mediated. The emergence and exercise of conjunctural state autonomy are therefore contingent on time and space factors hence the identification of the three elements of historical context, the prevailing framework of ideas, as well as a professional bureaucracy. The exercise of relative state autonomy within this configuration is thus time and context specific; its applicability is subject to the concurrent availability of the three core elements that comprise conjunctural state autonomy. Arguing from a historical institutionalist perspective, this presentation typically focuses on determinants at macro-political and economic levels, ideas, as well as on the attendant institutional arrangements.
Keywords: State Autonomy, Institutional Analysis, Conjunctural State Autonomy, Neoliberal Paradigm, Policy-making, Temporality, Path-Dependence, and Classification
Speaker: Dr. Mabutho Shangase
(Lecturer, Department of Political Sciences, University of Pretoria, South Africa; Visiting Professor, African Studies Centre, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies, Japan)
Date: 15:00-17:00, 18th December 2018 (Tuesday)
Venue: Conference Room II (#331), 3F, Inamori Center, Kyoto University [MAP]
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